Back to Table of Contents
Music theory deals with how music works. Music theory often
describes the basic elements of music. In this basic overview, we will learn
the names of different notes, a few scales, different note values and
Musical notation means "the way music is written down". Notes are put on the lines and in the spaces between the lines.
Reading music involves being able to tell what the note is called and where to find it on the instrument,
To identify music notes on a scale, first we identify which "clef" we are in. In this case, the G-clef assigns the note G to the second line.
a note value indicates the the amount of time a note is played. To determine the value of a note, we look at the color or shape of the note head, the presence or absence of a stem, and the presence or absence of flags.
A rest, seen to the right of the notes below, indicates a silence of the
In music, dynamics refers to the softness or
loudness of a sound.
The two basic dynamic symbols in music are:
More subtle degrees of loudness or softness are indicated by adding an "m":
Beyond f and p, there are also